Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country. It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The Siliguri Corridor in West Bengal, with a width of 21 to 40 kilometres (13 to 25 mi), connects the North Eastern Region with East India. The region shares an international border of 5,182 kilometres (3,220 mi) (about 99 percent of its total geographical boundary) with several neighbouring countries – 1,395 kilometres (867 mi) with Tibet Autonomous Region, China in the north, 1,640 kilometres (1,020 mi) with Myanmar in the east, 1,596 kilometres (992 mi) with Bangladesh in the south-west, 97 kilometres (60 mi) with Nepal in the west, and 455 kilometres (283 mi) with Bhutan in the north-west. It comprises an area of 262,230 square kilometres (101,250 sq mi), almost 8 percent of that of India, and is one of the largest salients (panhandles) in the world.
The states of North Eastern Region are officially recognised under the North Eastern Council (NEC), constituted in 1971 as the acting agency for the development of the north eastern states. Long after induction of NEC, Sikkim formed part of the North Eastern Region as the eighth state in 2002.
Located in Northeastern India in the foothills of Himalayas, Sikkim and Darjeeling are amongst the most popular tourist destinations in Northeast India. Sikkim is a window onto the Himalayas and when a Sikkim trip is combined with Darjeeling, the vacation delight manifolds. Gangtok& Darjeeling tour packages have some beautiful attractions that can be visited by the travelers from all over Indiaand various countries as well.
The charm of Sikkim’s natural wealth never fades away. The cleanest state in India is also a great place to visit when you’re running to the hills. The state capital Gangtok is an ideal launch-pad to start your adventure trips to Yumthang Valley or to the Kangchenjunga Base Camp. Day trips to Pelling, Yuksom, Lake Tsomgo, and Nathu La will make your holiday in Sikkim a memorable one. Paragliding, trekking, mountain biking, and rafting are popular things to do in Sikkim whether you’re vacationing with family or friends.
Holiday packages to Gangtok& Darjeeling are heavily availed by families, friends, couples, and honeymooners. These North East destinations have a pleasant weather and offer exciting experiences for each kind of a traveler. The peak season to visit Sikkim & Darjeeling is from March to June. The temperature during summers ranges from 15°C to 25°C.
Meghalaya is a hilly state in northeastern India. The name means “the abode of clouds” in Sanskrit. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 22,430 square kilometres, with a length to breadth ratio of about 3:1.
The state is bounded to the south by the Bangladeshi divisions of Mymensingh and Sylhet, to the west by the Bangladeshi division of Rangpur, and to the north and east by India’s State of Assam. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong. During the British rule of India, the British imperial authorities nicknamed it the “Scotland of the East”. Meghalaya was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.
English is the official language of Meghalaya. Unlike many Indian states, Meghalaya has historically followed a matrilineal system where the lineage and inheritance are traced through women; the youngest daughter inherits all wealth and she also takes care of her parents.
The state is the wettest region of India, recording an average of 12,000 mm (470 in) of rain a year. About 70% of the state is forested.The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south. The forests are notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants.
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